Proper irrigation system design is essential for the success of your garden or lawn. Whether you are a professional landscaper or just a novice gardener planning a proper set up is of utmost importance. The reason that the design and planning phase is so important is because there are so many options and not every solution is right for your type of garden or lawn. It would be a costly mistake to think that you can just stroll into a store and pick up the first watering system that you see and customize it for your needs. Of course not all systems are created equal and this further underscores the need to design a system that works for you. In this article we will discuss the steps necessary in designing your own drip irrigation system.
Drip Irrigation System Design
A drip irrigation system is a very efficient way to deliver water to the root source of your plants and vegetation. In fact, it is the most efficient way on the market today because not only does it help conserve water but it delivers trickles of water right to the root source of your plants or vegetation and fruits producing more lush foliage. This system is also the easiest to design which provides a very tempting alternative for many busy individuals. The supplies needed are readily available at any home improvement store and they are relatively inexpensive to obtain.
A drip irrigation system is 90% more efficient at irrigating your garden or lawn. It works by applying small trickles of water directly to the root source of the plant via the ventilated hose that is positioned directly on the soil. The efficiency comes from the water being immediately absorbed by the soil before the sun can cause it to evaporate and there is virtually no run off at all. This spells less water waste.
Essential items for Irrigation System Design
The essential parts of a drip irrigation system include the valve, the backflow preventer, filter, tubing adapter, drip tubing and pressure regulator. Drip irrigation systems are not so rigid, they easily allow for design customizations are do not require that you follow any method step by step. You can easily adapt the system to your garden’s individual needs. Okay, so the first step in the design is to decide on the type of emitter and flow that is desired. This part of the design will largely depend on the elevation of your piece of land. If the area you wish to irrigate has an elevation of over 5 feet it would be prudent to go with a compensating emitter, for an area that is level a turbulent flow emitter s will do the trick. Now what is you have a system that is challenged by gravity short-path emitters would be the best. An emitter regulates the flow of the water into the garden. The need to compensate by changing the type of emitter used depends on the elevation of your area as previously discussed.
Irrigation System Design for Your Garden
Once you’ve deciphered the type of emitter you need the rule of thumb is you use 1 or 2 emitters for every plant in the garden. Of course if the plant is considerably large you may need more than 2 emitters to effectively distribute water. The emitters should be placed at least 2 feet apart and at least under 80% of the plant’s canopy. This is the optimal area for the pipette to be installed to reach the root bed. Used in collaboration with the emitters is the backflow preventer which prevents contaminated water to back up into the tubing and clog the system.
Next you need to install the mainline from which the ventilated piping will be installed to carry water to the entire garden or area. As a rule the mainline and lateral feed pipe shouldn’t be longer than 400 feet. Take care not to bury the piping unless it is hard piping to avoid it being destroyed by moles or gophers. Stake the pipes down securely and check to see that they are set up correctly. Install the air vents at the most elevated point at the end of your drip valve. Flush the sprinkler valve to ensure that there is no blockage and begin using your system. Once you have everything set up there is no waiting, simply turn on your water and experience the satisfaction of knowing that you are irrigating the environmentally friendly way.
By proper planning on your garden with appropriate irrigation system design, you are going to have a fine working irrigation system that of hassle free.