Comprehensive Vegetable Garden Guide

Whether you’re a new or experienced gardener, there’s only one thing you should be concerned about: the health of your plants. Now, many of the factors to a plant’s health are within your control – but not all of them. There are some factors that you’ll have to work with, and not all of them are pleasant. The main factors you have to deal with are the following:

  • Climate and weather,
  • Space,
  • Growing seasons,
  • and native plants.

A good balance between the above factors will help ensure that you are able to grow plants successfully and get the best yield possible. Let’s discuss them one by one.

Planted pottery

Climate and Weather

The climate in your region is crucial to the survival of the plants in your garden. Plants that normally grow in a sunny and dry climate cannot survive in areas that constantly covered with frost – and vice versa. You need to determine what your local climate is in order to figure out what plants you can grow in your garden. For this, you can refer to Hardiness Zone maps.

Hardiness Zone

Hardiness zones, also called gardening zones, are geographically defined areas that show where a specific category of plant life can grow. These zones are identified depending on the overall climatic condition of the region as well as the minimum temperature recorded in that area.

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) was the first to develop hardiness zones, but they have since been adopted elsewhere. The viability of plants in a gardening zone depends on the lowest temperature that they can stand.

To find out the plant hardiness zone that your area belongs to, know the average annual minimum temperature of your area and use the guide on the right to find the corresponding hardiness zone number.

If you’d like to look at the actual zone map for your location, you can find them via the links below (click on the links to open them):

Should you need a printed copy of your hardiness zone map, check your local bookstores and gardening supply stores.

The zones may give you a broad idea of the overall climate in your area, but it’s not specific. It doesn’t take into consideration other conditions that can affect your gardening area. The location of your garden, and any nearby fixtures such as lakes and tall buildings, can greatly affect your garden.

Because of this, the temperature, the amount of sunshine, and the amount of rainfall tend to deviate from what the hardiness maps indicate.

Nearby bodies of water such as a lake or a river can affect the temperature in your garden. If the body of water is big enough, it can also affect wind patterns. Determine how much the temperature in your garden differs from other areas in your locale.

If the change is dramatic, plant varieties that can handle the temperature better. To protect your garden from strong winds, you can put up screens that can break the force of the wind keeping it from damaging your plants.

Given the factors that can affect the climate in your garden, it may be safer to judge a vegetable’s hardiness by considering how tolerant it is to certain conditions as opposed to following any set rules as determined by a map. The hardiness zone maps may be worth considering, but they shouldn’t completely dictate your choice of plants.

Now that you know where certain plants grow best, it’s time to address the “when”.

Gardening Space

The amount of space you have for a garden will determine how big it is going to be. If you have enough space to lay out beds, do so. When you have a small garden, you know that every inch of space is important. If you do not have much space or if you have no vacant ground, you should use pots and planting boxes instead.

raised vegetable garden bed

To maximize space, you can place smaller vegetables like radishes in between rows of fruit-bearing plants such as peppers and tomatoes. This will help you get the most out of your garden, especially if you are working with a small plot of land.

Another great way to save maximum space in a garden is by utilizing vertical space. Don’t let creeping vegetables such as cucumbers, squash, or gourds grow on the ground. Train them to crawl on trellises.

Cucumbers and similar vegetables may also be grown from hanging pots. By growing these vegetables on a trellis or hanging baskets, you are saving space while also protecting your crop from any diseases they may get from the soil.

Growing Seasons

The ‘growing season’ is the length of time that your area can provide the necessary growing conditions for your vegetables to reach maturity and produce the crop. In temperate climates, this season typically stretches from the last frost experienced in spring to the first frost of fall.

For these areas, the first few weeks after the last frost of spring is an ideal time to start planting, as it will give them enough time to grow and produce a crop before winter sets in.

Growing seasons vary from state to state. It may be shorter for some and longer in others. In states that experience tropical or subtropical climates like Hawaii and California, the growing season can span the entire year.

Australia and New Zealand, on the other hand, are on the southern hemisphere. This means that their growing seasons are reversed compared to countries in the northern hemisphere, such as the US, Canada, and Britain. So for those who live south of the equator, spring starts in September while winter starts in June.

So that it won’t be confusing to readers, throughout the rest of this site I’m usually going to refer to gardening timelines based on the seasons rather than months.

Native Plants

Native plants can play a big role in the success of your garden. In some cases, they can hamper your garden’s growth and take over foreign plants because they are more adapted to the climate and planting conditions of the area. On the other hand, you can use native plants to your advantage and choose to plant them instead of foreign varieties in order to get a fuller yield.

grow fruits

Many gardeners advocate the use of native plants as opposed to foreign varieties. This is because native plant varieties are usually easier to grow – they’re more adapted to the local environment! Native plant varieties are also more beneficial to the local insect community than foreign plants are.

They are usually more resistant to weather patterns and to local diseases and pests. So if you’ve never tried gardening before, a native plant would be the best way to start.

How do you know which types of fruits and vegetables are native to your area? First, you can inquire from your local nurseries regarding which plants are native to your area. Local nurseries are also great resources for purchasing seeds or seedlings of native plants. Other resources for information on native plants include the local library, plant catalogs, and the internet.

Since native plants are better adapted to their surroundings, they can easily dominate foreign varieties. When using both native and foreign plants in your garden. It may best if you plant them in separate areas. This way, you can give your foreign varieties a better chance at survival because the will not be competing for nutrients with more adapted native varieties.

More on Vegetable Gardening Guide

This is a vegetable gardening guide just for you. If you are planning to create a vegetable garden, you must acquaint yourself with a few facts. These are:

  • Where can you place your vegetable garden?
  • How are you going to plan your garden and how will you carry out the plan?
  • What are the tools that you will require to form a garden?
  •  Your garden needs to be well planned and well tailored. How will you make it like that?
  • How can you plant a garden correctly and flawlessly?
  • How can you prepare the seedbed for your gardens? How can you select the seeds that you will plant?
  • How will you plant the vegetable garden and the plant garden perfectly?
  • How can you make use of the vertical space that is available and other gardening techniques that are available?
  • How will you grow transplants or from where will you obtain them?
  • If the plot of land that is available to you is small, how to make maximum use of the space that is available?
  • What exactly is known by the term container garden?
  • How to water the vegetables in your garden properly?
organic vegetable
organic vegetable

Growing a garden is much more than sowing seeds on the ground. It involves the processes of preparing the seed beds, choosing the seeds, deciding the time to plant the seeds.

The Lamination Method

If you want your plants to be protected, keep them in shade. This is a very effective method and it will surely boost the vegetable growth from the plants and will grow first-rate vegetables. The lamination method is a unique method to grow vegetables. They are so well looked after by this method that they stay healthy and survive for really long. You can grow the garden either in the yard or on a plot of land; this method is going to be effective.

Whatever type of garden you go for, whether it is a vegetable garden planting, or it is an Italian herb garden, or it is a kitchen herb garden, everything requires proper planning.

Gardening Basics

Gardening can be done in both indoors as well as in outdoors. Gardening comes naturally to some people while to some people it is a very laborious process. This vegetable gardening guide is here with a purpose to explain what is gardening and make the process easy.

You must have already taken note of the fact that vegetables that are grown at our homes taste better. There are several reasons for this. They contain the least amount of pesticides. There is a lot of satisfaction to feast on the vegetables you have grown in your garden with your own hands. This makes the feeling as well as the dish special.

Some Necessary Tips:

If you are a starter, you need to acquaint yourself with some facts. The location where you want to start your garden is very important, devoid of the fact whether it is an herb garden or it is a vegetable garden.

The location should be such that optimum sunlight should be present. The vegetable plants have to carry on photosynthesis with the help of the light of the sun. You must have an idea about the amount of light that the place receives from the sun. If you know this, you will become aware of the fact of how much light is being received by the trees.

The next step is to figure out the type of crops that you are willing to plant and cultivate in your garden. If you are armature as far as gardening is concerned, it is better that you select a garden that is of the size of 10 / 10. As a starter, go for those vegetables that are simple to plant and to grow.

Try to clear off your garden from unwanted weeds. These weeds encircle the plants and some are even parasitic by nature. These were some basics by the vegetable gardening guide.

Read also: How To Make Your Garden Explode With Color

Three Reasons You Should Get Into Home Vegetable Gardening

You think about fresh vegetables. They seem so great, don’t they? Yet, you don’t want to jump into home vegetable gardening. You think it’s too much work. You fear it won’t succeed, or you just don’t know if you have the time to invest in it.

You are not alone in your thinking. Many people feel the same exact way. That is until they jump right into home vegetable gardening.

small vege garden

It’s not until they do it that they realize that all of the reasons why they never got into it were not even reasons at all – they were excuses.

See, there’s a difference between reasons and excuses. Reasons are real roadblocks that stand in your way. For instance, the ground won’t grow anything you plant in it.

Excuses are things you set in front of you that aren’t really roadblocks but you treat them that way. Your excuses just prevent you from doing something that you really could do but for some other reason, don’t want to. The reasons that you want to go for home vegetable gardening including:

Stress Relief

Yes, home vegetable gardening can be very stress relieving experience. Going outdoors is the first part of relieving stress in that fresh air can be calming to the senses. Working with a rake constitutes as exercise, which you most likely already know is stress relieving experience.

Once your vegetable garden starts growing, you’ll feel proud, rewarded for your efforts. This will make increase your self-esteem, which again relieves stress.

Home vegetable gardening can reduce your stress to decrease your risk of suffering from heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and many other health problems.

Improve Health

Speaking of health problems, home vegetable gardening can greatly improve your health. We already mentioned the great exercise you can get by working in your garden and the stress-relieving benefits of it to your health. But what about the consumption of the results of your home vegetable gardening?

Having fresh vegetables to eat can be a great boost to your health. You will not only feel better but vegetables make you look better too because of all the vitamins and nutrients found in them.

Save Money

Saving money goes along with stress relief and improvement in health. When you get into home vegetable gardening, you won’t have to buy your own vegetables. As you know, vegetables can cost a lot of money.

If you partake in home vegetable gardening, you don’t have to buy anymore. You can use all of your veggies from your garden to cook your meals and make healthy snacks.

When you spend less money, you will have less stress from your financial situation, when you have less stress you feel better and again, lower your risk for health problems.

Want another little tip? Get into home vegetable gardening organically and use compost. You will then not have to pay for fertilizer and save even more money.

As any home vegetable gardening expert knows, you will always have more vegetables than you will use. What does that mean? You have plenty to give out to neighbors, friends, family, co-workers and just about anyone you run into.

There’s always something great about giving away things to people that you know they will appreciate. And who wouldn’t appreciate some fresh, delicious vegetables?

Now that you have all of the reasons to get into home vegetable gardening, go ahead and get into action. You have many vegetables to decide on for home vegetable gardening. Your only problem should be deciding on only a few to plant and not the hundreds of vegetables you could plant.

Read also: General Gardening Tips and Techniques

Do You Know How To Keep Your Garden Healthy And Disease Free?

Do you possess a vegetable garden? A lot of hard work must have gone behind it. Now that you have already built the garden, it is important that you keep it in proper condition, free from all sorts of diseases.

It is very important to take a proper, close look at your garden carefully. You have to make sure that your garden is free of all sorts of pests and other harmful insects.

This process of maintaining your garden is a continuous process.

Steps To Maintain Your Garden

When you start your gardening venture, you are busy looking for the perfect soil and the plants that you are going to grow in your gardens. It is a part of your duty to choose those plants which look the healthiest. If you detect an unhealthy, diseased plant, immediately cut it off. It might spread its disease around.

You should water your plants carefully. The best method is to water them early in the morning so that they remain hydrated and full of moisture throughout the day. By the time it is dusk, the water gets dried up. Proper watering has a lot of advantages. But it should be done with utmost care.

For example, if water splashes from one diseased plant to another plant, the 2nd plant may also become diseased. This is like contagious diseases. For example, if a man has a cold and he sneezes, those around him also catch a cold.

Viruses are something to be scared of. They can affect the health of your plants in very adverse ways. They spread in a lot of ways. Sometimes, insects are responsible for spreading the virus. Other animals can spread diseases as well. Even humans, sometimes are responsible for spreading the virus in plants.

Whatever your garden type is, whether it is a vegetable garden or a herb garden, you should take care of it.

After all, the purpose of this vegetable gardening guide is to make you aware of the possible threats.

How to Boost Summer Vegetable Gardening

Are you ready to boost your summer vegetable gardening? Read on for tips and tricks.

The summer is approaching and you have that feeling inside that it’s time to start gardening. You have been thinking about it but haven’t had any solid plans made.

You may be thinking that you will try this or that or maybe you will do what you have always done for your summer vegetable gardening. It can be difficult to decide what exactly you should grow in your vegetable garden.

potatoes
potatoes

One thing that many summer vegetable gardening experts recommend is to grow a different vegetable for each row of your garden. For example, if you have a garden of 20 rows, you can grow up to 20 different vegetables. If you only want 10 vegetables you can plant two rows of each type of vegetable.

Don’t Crowd Your Veggies

The biggest thing to remember is to allow enough space between the rows. If you don’t, the vegetables will become crowded and dried. If that happens, they will not thrive and you will not be able to produce as many vegetables as you would hope.

When digging the trenches for summer vegetable gardening, leave at least a foot in between. You don’t want the trenches too deep, as that will drown your vegetables. You also don’t want the trenches too shallow, as that won’t provide enough water to the vegetable plants.

Dig your trenches four to five inches deep for maximum hydration of your vegetable plants.

Plant Seeds the Right Depth

When you plant your seeds for your summer vegetable gardening, make sure you implant the seeds deep enough for the particular vegetable you are planting. For some seeds, two to three inches is deep enough. Other vegetables will need further rooting, such as six inches.

It’s important to research the correct seeding of your vegetable plants before you begin your summer vegetable gardening. Of course, you can cut this whole process out, by starting your summer vegetable gardening in peat moss in small containers. Then you can just transplant the plants to your large vegetable garden.

Fertilize Regularly

Once your vegetables mature, you will need to continue to fertilize your vegetables as part of your summer vegetable gardening. You can do this simply with specially made fertilizer for summer vegetable gardening. You could also use compost to fertilize your vegetables. As long as you provide the nutrients your garden needs you will boost your summer vegetable gardening efforts.

How to Boost Bug Control

Now that you have the basic boosting tips for summer vegetable gardening, you most likely want to know how you can go further. For example, how will you deal with the bugs eating away at your vegetables? The best way to prevent the annoyance of bugs on your vegetable garden is by spraying them regularly with bug spray. You can also install rodent and bug deterrents throughout your garden to keep them away.

If you are annoyed by the birds eating the seeds, you can always go back to the easy bag trick. Simple stick some poles in the ground around the garden and in between with plastic bags tied to them. The winds will make them sway, which produces a noise bird can’t stand and will be afraid of.

Start It Now

Now that you have all you need to boost your summer vegetable gardening, get started now. Don’t start too late because you want to take advantage of the prime weather you have during the summer months. You also don’t want to start too early in the spring either. Research your vegetables prime time for planting so you can optimize the growth of your summer vegetable gardening and enhance the great experience of it.


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Read also: The Beauty of Small Vegetable Gardening

comprehensive vegetable garden guide

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