Worms farms are a great way to recycle your kitchen scraps and are excellent for small gardens, better than compost bins. The best worms for worms farms are tigers, blues and reds and they can be bought from your local nursery. Remember, they don’t survive in the garden, so when you are adding your vermicasts (the manure) to your garden, save as many as you can.
How to Live Peacefully with these Creatures?
The following are tips to keep your worms happy:
- To keep them healthy they like some soil in the top bin, pea straw and cow manure. “
- Place the worm farm in a position that gets MORNING SUN and afternoon shade. WORMS DO NOT LIKE FULL SUN POSITIONS. They cook – literally. They like temperatures around 23C. “
- If worms are at the top of your bin lid, the worm farm or compost bin too wet. Move or add pea straw, newspaper and cut down the watering of the heap. Stop putting in kitchen scraps until has dried out. “
- If there are ants in your worm farm, it is too dry. Add more moisture.
- The more often you gently turn the bedding, the less likelihood of other insects nesting in the worm farms.
- Put a couple of bricks on the lids to keep dogs such as labradors out of eating the contents.
- Do not put in meat, fish, oil, cheese or to much citrus or onions.
- Get rid of the plastic legs of the black boxes, they continually fall off. Use a bricks as a support for the boxes.
- If your worm farm smells, then there are too many nitrogenous products like kitchen scraps. To improve the mix you need to add more carbon material such as newspaper or pea straw or leaves. You may need to stop feeding the worms kitchen scraps for a week or two. To find out more about the carbon:nitrogen ratio click onto the tab Soil and Compost.
Castings worm poo full of bacteria and enzymes and continue to break down in soil and increase biological activity. It is full of nutrients which is available to plants straight away. Castings also contains a growth hormone called auxin which stimulates germination of seeds. Worm tea is the liquid that congrates at the bottom of the worm farm and is an excellent liquid fertilizer. Fill your 9 liter watering can with a 1/3 of the juice and then dilute with water. Straight worm tea is very strong and too much can kill young plants.
Be careful with native plants as many of them don’t like a lot of nutrients. Worm farm products are excellent for vegetables, fruit trees, roses, annuals, citrus and many other ornamental plants