Growing a Japanese bonsai tree is a good investment of your time, effort, creativity, patience, and money. Bonsai literally means tree in a tray. Growing a bonsai is an art of propagating a certain tree species and converting it into a miniature tree.
Bonsai propagation requires supplication of enough nutrients, cutting, trimming, pruning or shaping, watering, and repotting in a new bonsai container. These trees are an excellent display inside your house and they can be ideal gifts to a friend or your boss. They come in different sizes, styles, and shapes.
In growing a Japanese bonsai tree, you need to use appropriate tools so that you will not experience any difficulty in performing the techniques in bonsai propagation. Some basic tools in bonsai propagation include concave pruner, bud scissors, bonsai wire cutters, knob cutter, root hook, and root cutter.
A concave pruner is used to remove branches that will promote fast and smooth healing of its wound. Bonsai wire cutters are used to cut off the wire used in training the bonsai. Root hook is used in soil removal and untangling the roots of the bonsai before repotting it in a new container. The root cutter is used for removal or shortening the large roots of the bonsai tree.
Japanese Bonsai Tree for Beginners
Japanese bonsai can be cultivated by beginners because they are not that sensitive when it comes to caring for and maintaining them. Here are some Japanese bonsai trees that you can use:
- Japanese White Pine is an excellent choice as a Japanese bonsai tree. It has thick and beautiful foliage, and it has a moderately irregular shape. Japanese white pine has blue-green needles that make it very attractive.
- Japanese Red Maple is a good tree species that can be propagated by beginners. They have an eye-catching orange and red color of leaves. It is can be easily propagated as a miniature tree.
- Japanese Black Pine is a hardy type of tree species that can be cultivated by beginners in bonsai. Japanese black pine can endure any bonsai technique because it is known to be a strong tree, and they grow marvelously.
Different Techniques Used in Propagating a Japanese Bonsai Tree
You must know the different techniques used in propagating a Japanese bonsai tree. The following are various techniques commonly used in the cultivation of bonsai:
- Pruning. It is a technique that involves the removal of bark and branches in certain parts of your tree. Pruning is done to shape up your tree in the way you want them how to look.
- Wiring. It is another technique very important in propagating a miniature tree. This is used primarily to connect branches or hold branches in place so that they will acquire that certain position. Wiring is done by wrapping an aluminum or copper around the bonsai tree branch, and then you can make bends or straighten depending on what you like.
- Leaf Trimming. This is a method wherein you have to remove the leaves, for a deciduous tree, or the needles of the plant, for conifers and other types, from the branches and trunk of the miniature tree. Leaf trimming is done to expose the beauty and style of the branches.
- Clamping. If you are growing a miniature tree that has stiff or hardwood, it is recommended to use a mechanical device to contour thicker and larger branches and trunk of the tree. A screw-based clamp is commonly used to help you straighten or bend parts of the bonsai tree. You should progressively tighten the branches and trunks so that you will not injure or harm them.
- Defoliation. This is another necessary technique used in cultivating a miniature tree. Defoliation is the removal of all or most of the bonsai tree leaves by clipping off the leaf’s petiole. Then, the trees will now produce a new set of smaller leaves.
- Deadwood. It involves the removal of the bark from the branches of the tree. This will promote the mature or old appearance of your Japanese bonsai tree. There are two deadwood bonsai techniques: Shari which involves taking away barks from the trunk to imitate the scarring that can be caused by a broken branch, and Jin which involves the removal of all the barks of an entire branch to promote a deadwood snag.