Orchids are charming and beautiful flowers. They can be used on any occasion, especially during special events such as weddings. Orchids are lovely ornaments in the bride’s bouquet.
These exotic plants have actually over 25,000 species and more than 100,000 hybrids. However, there are only two types of orchids. Orchids are also the largest family of flowers on the entire planet. A variety of shapes, colors, and sizes make these distinctive flowers all the more attractive.
Generally, there are two types of orchids and they can be categorized into terrestrial orchids and epiphytes.
Terrestrial orchids grow in the soil and there are approximately 200 species of this type. Subcategorically, there are two general groups of terrestrial orchids, they are the individual growers and clumps or tuft growers.
Individual growers are also known as solitary, which, again, has two groups. The first group grows its flowers and leaves from a common stem, while the other group of solitary growing terrestrial orchids grows their flowers and leaves in a different stem.
Know more about Terrestrial Orchids by referring to this video:
These are the second orchids type where the plants are attached to another plant or object for physical support. They do not take nutrients from the trees but they gather their own nutrients from falling rain, air, and the compost found on the branches of the trees.
Epiphyte orchids have more access to direct sunlight and there are more animals or insects that can help them in pollination. Epiphytes are able to spread their seeds through winds.
Know more about Epiphytes by referring to this video:
A Beginner Must Know The Types Of Orchids
Growing orchids is a delightful activity for leisure and if you are new to growing these exotic plants, look forward to the many ways you can enjoy them. It is not a particularly difficult endeavor to grow orchids. These resources can give you guidelines and tips on orchid care and gardening. To start off on your venture in orchid growing, you first have to be aware of the basics, such as the types of orchids.
The orchid family is known as the Orchidaceae, which has almost 35,000 genera. The Orchidaceae is the second largest family of flowering plants. Plants in the orchids family have various attractive colors such as blue, yellow, purple, red, pink, and white, and other types of orchids have a combination of two colors. Knowing about different types of orchids will help you in your choice of plants to keep in your garden.
Types of Orchids According To Structure
Knowing the Types Of Orchids includes being informed about the proper ways of growing them as well as their growth and care requirements. As a beginner orchids enthusiast, take note of the different orchids types and consider your preferences for your garden.
Monopodial orchids are orchid plants having a single stem. This type of orchid grows mainly on its stem and in an upward manner. It develops continually in one direction from the terminal shoot. It has neither rhizome nor pseudobulbs.
Sympodial orchids are orchids that grow out along the surface of the growing medium and with an often horizontal stem. A number of lateral branches emerge just behind the apex of the main stem that ceases to grow.
Types Of Orchids According To Growth Habit
Terrestrial Orchids are orchids that grow in the ground. However, some terrestrial orchid species do not grow in ordinary soil. Instead, they grow best in the humus and leaf litter, like the soils found in forest floors. Terrestrial orchids include Cymbidiums, Spathoglottis, slipper orchids, and the Chinese ground orchids.
Epiphyte Orchids are a type of orchids that grows on another plant above the ground. Mediums, where epiphyte orchids may grow, are trees that support them and expose them to sunlight. Rainwater and air are the primary sources of water and nutrients for epiphytes. Even though these orchid plants grow on another plant, they are not parasites.
Climbing Orchids a type of epiphyte orchids that grow from the ground and climb up a tree as they grow. They have extensive aerial roots. Vanda is an example of an epiphyte orchid.
Lithophyte orchids, on the other hand, grow on the surface of rocks or on stony ground. These are rare types of orchids and are often not grown by beginners.
Know The Types of Orchids And What’s Best For Your Garden
Knowing the different orchids types will help you in choosing the best variety of orchids for growing. You ought to be familiar with the kinds of orchids so you’ll make an informed decision on your purchase. You can then identify the differences and how the two types of orchids are grown properly.
Terrestrial orchids need healthy soil, and the epiphytes need a tree or an object to attach to. If you are planning to grow these two types of orchids in your home, see to it that you provide the needs of your plants for them to grow healthily and bloom splendidly.
How To Grow The Different Types of Orchids
You primarily should provide the needs of the types of orchids you tend to in your home. This is, of course, essential to sustain their growth. Regular watering is vital but you should also allow the media to dry between watering. If your orchid flowers are in bloom, mist the foliage in between watering.
Then there’s feeding your orchids with fertilizer. A balanced fertilizer is typically given every other watering during the late part of spring. Assess your orchids if they need to be repotted as well. This is important so that your plants can be settled in a fresh media and in a larger pot for growth support for at least one year.
Another crucial factor is that you have to make use of the correct growing media, too. Note that orchids are not to be planted in ordinary soil. Be aware of these elements of growing the types of orchids to keep them ever fresh and lively, giving your home an exotic charm.