How Often Does Agave Bloom and How Long It Last?

How Often Does Agave Bloom?

It’s always a great sight to behold whenever plants are starting to bloom because of how they add a lot of color to the scenery. Most plants tend to flower quite often as some of them usually do so every year when spring comes. But you can’t say the same about agave because this plant will take a very long time to flower. So, how often does agave bloom?

The blooming time of the agave plant depends on the variety. Agave americana may take decades to bloom depending on the climate but there are some varieties of agave that can take up to 6 to 8 years to bloom. However, generally, most varieties of the agave plant would need at least 10 years to flower.

Even though agave might be called the century plant, it actually is an overstatement because it doesn’t take a hundred years (assuming you get to live that long) for it to bloom. Nevertheless, it still does take a very long time for it to flower especially when you compare agave to other plants. In that regard, let us get to know more about agave and how it blooms.

agave plant 3

What happens when an agave flowers?

The agave plant is useful for a lot of different purposes whether for food or for industrial purposes. However, agave is widely known for being a natural sweetener that people use to substitute sugar with and for the tequila drink.
But while agave might be famous as a plant that is often used for commercial purposes, it is also widely known for being a plant that can take a very long time to bloom. And that is why it has earned the nickname “century plant”.

Despite its nickname, you really don’t have to wait for a hundred years for agave to bloom even though there was a case where one agave plant took 80 years to bloom. No one can wait a hundred or even 80 years for a plant to flower assuming that someone could actually live that long just to see an agave flowering. The truth is that most agave plants will take more than a decade or maybe even a few decades to bloom while some varieties may need only about 6 to 8 years depending on the climate and how they were taken care of.

So, what happens when an agave plant begins to bloom?

When an agave plant is about to bloom, it will start to develop a spike-like stalk, which is where the flowers will eventually branch out. This is what is called the bloom stalk. The stalk would then continue to grow and grow from the mother agave plant until it can even become similar to the height of your usual light post or even taller than that.

agave plant 4

From there, the bloom stalk will begin to grow branches that will produce leaves that will eventually cluster. In some cases, there are agave variants with flower stalks that will steadily turn into green as some stalks start out reddish at first. Meanwhile, the leaves will cluster with one another to form a bushy plant that contains flowers that are rich in a natural sweetener or nectar.

In case you are wondering where agave sweetener comes from, it comes from the nectar of the flowers of a blooming agave plant. That is why agave sweeteners can be quite expensive considering that it takes a long time for the agave plant to bloom.

It is also in the branches where the agave plant holds smaller plants or seeds that are actually the agave’s offspring, which are technically just clones of itself. And when the entire bloom stalk becomes big enough and the main plant weakens as it draws its final breath, the entire towering structure will topple down. When that happens, the smaller plants or the offspring of the agave plant will begin to grow after the bloom stalk has already fallen to the ground.

How long does agave bloom last?

There is no certainty as to how long an agave bloom can last as it really depends entirely on the main plant itself. However, what is clear here is that agave plants that have flower stalks that develop faster than most other agave plants will more likely bloom faster. That means that the time in which they are in bloom won’t probably be as long depending on how long the mother plant itself will last.

In most cases, however, an agave’s blooming period can last for up to three months from the time the spike-like bloom stalk starts growing until the agave bloom stalk is ready to topple down as the plant itself begins to lose its energy to support the towering structure.

Agave bloom time lapse

Here is a neat time-lapse video of an agave blooming:

As you can see in that video, the blooming period of the agave plant lasted for about two months from the time the bloom stalk started growing out of the mother plant until it started to develop leaves and flowers that bloomed.
You can clearly see how fast the agave plant’s bloom stalk develops as it reached a massive height in only a span of two months.

After it has reached that height, the branch themselves began to grow rapidly out of the bloom stalk until they developed leaves of their own and flowers that contain the nectar of the agave plant as well as the bulbous plants and the seeds that are soon to become the next generation of the agave plant.

While not shown in the video, it might take about a month or so for the agave plant’s flowers to start losing their luster and for the entire bloom stalk to eventually topple down to release its clones or seeds into the earth.

Do agaves die after they bloom?

As you might have already surmised at this point, the agave plant will die after it blooms. The reason for such is that it will actually make use of all of its energy to develop the bloom stalk and to begin flowering. This also explains why the bloom stalk grows and develops at an extremely rapid pace as the entire mother agave plant puts all of its energy into the development of the bloom stalk without leaving anything for itself.

Soon after the bloom stalk has already begun blooming, the plant will steadily begin to die because it no longer has any energy left for itself. When that happens, the entire stalk will topple down because the mother plant has already died and can no longer support the bloom stalk.

However, because the agave flowers contain the genetic code of the agave plant in the form of the clones or the seeds it developed when it bloomed, it will begin a new life in the plants that may end up growing out of those offspring. A single agave plant can form dozens of these clones so that it can ensure the likelihood of it surviving in the form of the offspring that could actually begin to sprout and survive.

agave plant 2

Can you stop an agave from flowering?

Technically, yes, you can stop an agave plant from flowering. Doing so is quite simple as all you need to do is to cut the bloom stalk from the plant the moment it starts jutting out. But as to whether or not preventing the plant from flowering will stop it from dying shortly after that, the answer is a resounding no.

You cannot stop an agave plant from dying just by stopping the flowering process. That’s because, even though you may have cut the bloom stalk to prevent it from flowering, the mother plant will still undergo the same internal changes that will eventually cause it to die.

Remember here that the purpose of why the agave plant is blooming is for propagation. That means that it will bloom because it knows that it is at the end of its lifespan and that it is about to die. And by blooming, it can produce offspring that will continue the lifecycle. As such, because the plant itself is already dying the moment it starts to develop the bloom stalk, you cannot extend its lifespan by simply cutting off the stalk.

How long does an agave plant live?

An agave plant’s lifespan is the same as its flowering period in the sense that it will only live up to the point that it is done blooming. But that really depends on the plant itself as some agave plants can live for up to 80 years while some will only live somewhere between 6 to 8 years depending on how well they were taken care of.

Speaking of which, there is no certainty as to why an agave will bloom or as to when it will bloom. It will simply bloom when it wants to. However, it is widely believed that the agave plant will bloom faster when it is taken care of properly as proper care and nutrients will promote it to flower. That’s why there are some agave variants that will only bloom in less than a decade especially when they are taken care of while some variants may take decades to flower.

agave plant

How big do agave plants get?

The size of an agave plant largely depends on its age as some of the older agave plants may reach more than 25 feet during the peak of their bloom. However, generally, agave plants that are only about 6 to 10 years old may be limited to about 10 feet at the maximum when they are at the peak of their bloom.

Agave americana blooming period

The Agave americana is the agave variant that is most often associated with the century plant nickname. However, it does not take it a century to bloom as most Agave americana plants will take at least a decade to bloom but may even take 40 or so years for it to begin flowering. It is widely believed that not taking care of your Agave americana will cause it to live longer.

Agave attenuata blooming

The Agave attenuata is an unusual variant of agave because of how its bloom stalk actually curves to form a swan neck. That’s why it is often called the swan neck agave. Unlike other agave variants, the Agave attenuata may take only about 6 to 8 years to bloom making it one of the fastest agave variants when it comes to its flowering period.
Agave bloom stalk

The agave bloom stalk is the towering structure that begins to grow out of the agave when it is ready to flower. Agave bloom stalks grow quite fast the moment the mother agave is ready to bloom after sensing that it has reached the end of its lifespan. When that happens, the mother agave will divert all of its stored energy to the development of the agave bloom stalk thereby making its growth quite fast.

As soon as the agave bloom stalk has reached its peak height, which can be somewhere around 10 to 25 feet, it will begin to develop branches that will give birth to leaves and flowers that are yellowish in color. And when the mother agave has died after pouring its energy into the growth of the agave bloom stalk, the towering structure will eventually fall down to release the agave offspring into the ground, where they will try to start a new life for the mother plant.

Read also: How Often Should You Water Snake Plant?

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How Often Does Agave Bloom and How Long It Last

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