Cacti are some of the most amazing plants on earth, surviving where almost nothing else can, retaining more water than most would ever expect, and flowering in some of the most amazing ways ever seen by plants. When you have a few growing on your windowsill you may then be wondering how to create more, for both your own garden and as gifts.
To propagate cacti using water you need to suspend the open part of the cutting, stem, or leaf in the water, with the water level checked every few days to ensure the growing roots are always touching the water. Once roots start growing or new baby off-shoots start showing up the cacti has successfully started growing only in water.
The biggest challenge of propagating cacti in water is knowing which cacti will be able to grow easily using this technique. While almost all cacti can be propagated in this manner, some cacti find it more challenging and may prefer other materials or just dirt to be used when being propagated.
Here’s everything you need to know about propagating cacti using only water.
Which Parts of the Cacti are Required?
If you are starting out the journey of making your one and only cacti into a large bundle that loves growing in your yard you will need to know which part of the cacti to use. What works for the hardiest of cacti might not work for cacti that are used to more lush environments. There are three main parts to all cacti and identifying which parts of each can be used will save you time and a lot of headaches.
The one that is most likely to work and also the only one that is possible to do with every single cactus one earth, using the stem of cactus to propagate more is a sure-fire way of succeeding. Many times the stem simply needs to be suspended perfectly in some water, either in a glass bowl or pot to have the cactus start growing.
One of the most fascinating ways that cacti grow in the wild has been observed when an animal accidentally breaks off a piece of the stem and carries it around. Eventually, the stem would fall off and a new cactus would start growing from the broken off stem.
Cacti have roots just like every other plant, and like all others, you can use this root to grow more cacti from the parent plant without much challenge. Many times you will need to use more than plain water, owing to the root needing some help to promote growth as it sucks up the water.
Many people that use roots to propagate cacti prefer to have a few rocks in the water, this gives the root something to hold onto and to easily stay perfectly suspended in the water.
The rarest form of propagating in the world of plants, some cacti can grow new plants by simply having a leaf suspended in some water. Some of the best cacti grow using this and knowing which ones are capable of being propagated using this technique is quite easy.
Most cacti that can be propagated using this technique will be unique in that they have leaves to use for this. These leaves are usually quite sensitive as well, being thick enough to not dry out when left broken off from their parent plant. Propagating these using water can be simple, just be sure to remove the cactus before it grows too much.
Is it Better to Propagate Cacti in Water?
This is one of the most debated questions in the world of cacti, with many growers believing that allowing the plant to grow in sand from the start is much healthier. However, others will only ever propagate using only water, preferring to give a significant boost to their new cactus plants.
For some cacti it is best to propagate them using water, allowing the plant to have a good boost when it is growing every part of itself. Other cacti must be propagated using sand and rocks, allowing the roots to grow stronger among a simulated environment of their natural world.
Knowing which cacti prefer what can be hard, as many variants used inside homes will differ greatly from those growing in the wild. The best way to learn how each cactus prefers to be propagated is to simply test them out, as the plants tend to grow faster when in the water this is an easy task to accomplish.
Can Succulents Grow only in Water?
While cacti love being propagated in only water they cannot grow forever in them, most cacti needing solid soil for more than just nutrients to be gathered. As these plants are used to growing either in rocky or sandy terrains their roots have become quite unique.
Many times the sun will damage the root systems once the cacti are returned to a position where they can constantly get sun. This is why it is always important to have your cactus in a pot after it has shown several weeks of growth in only water.
With the best cacti usually being potted once the roots reach the bottom of whatever container they may be in. Just be sure that the sand you are using for these pots is correct and not too moist or soft for the cactus to grow efficiently.
How Long Does it Take to Propagate Cacti in Water?
While propagating cacti in the soil can take between any given amount of time, usually, cacti will start growing within 25 days if propagated using water. Sometimes it may even be faster depending on the overall health of the parent plant.
This growth is caused by the nutrients present in water and the plant wanting to find some way to survive once broken off from its parent. Having cacti that grow properly and without trouble will mean that even when the cacti have started growing roots in water you will be leaving them in there for a while longer.
It is for this quick propagation time that many cacti owners are so in love with the plant, allowing them to grow their own garden with absolute ease, in only a few weeks.
How Will You Know that is Not Working?
While many cacti can be propagated using this technique some require more practiced hands. Many of the rarest and largest species of cacti have more traditional methods of propagation, using flowers and seeds to spread themselves around the world.
When you are propagating a cactus in water there are several signs that you need to look for to know when the cactus is dying instead of growing. The first thing that you will always see is the change in color. A properly growing cactus will turn a lot greener, almost seeming to turn the same shade as a dark green grass lawn.
However, the color change of a dying cactus will make it go a lot paler, almost turning white before finally shriveling up until the cactus turns into nothing but a husk of its former self. This is the first and most obvious sign that the propagation through water has not been effective.
Propagating cacti through water has always been one of the most popular ways of growing more and cacti for your garden. Many growers love having more than just one plant in their collection and propagating is not always focused on your own plant. Sometimes plant lovers like to exchange plants and the water propagation way of cacti has made them extremely popular as a trading item.
Just be sure you don’t put the stem of a plastic cactus in the water, that would never grow!