You might be wondering why your jade plant appears to be dying. Well, I am here to tell you some of the reasons why, and offer to help you bring it back to life.
How can you save your dying jade plant? The answer is simple: Care. Renewed care. If the problem was overwatering, take steps to dry out your jade plant. If it was root rot, prune out the dead roots. Understanding the problem helps us come up with solutions. Jade plants don’t just wither and die overnight. It takes time. Succulents like the jade plant are easy to propagate and grow. But you can easily overdo as well as neglect care for the jade plant, and it will result in your jade plant wilting and dying.
So, what is happening to your jade plant, why is it dying? What can you do to fix this? Let me tell you some symptoms and some of the remedies to solve the problem.
There are three symptoms that might appear to tell you that your jade plant is dying:
1) Branches falling off.
2) Yellowing of the leaves.
3) Root rot.
Jade Plant Branches Falling Off
One of the most observable symptoms that show your jade plant to be dying is the falling off of its branches. Mature jade plants have woody trunks and plump taut-looking leaves. Healthy plants shoot up its branches from the main trunks. They normally project upwards and slightly outward.
If your jade plant extends too widely and its branches appear to be hardly able to carry the weight of its leaves, it may be a symptom of a problem. If its branches are stooping downward and bowing to the ground, that may also be a symptom of a problem. If young leaves fall off untimely, it may be a symptom.
Yellowing Of The Leaves
Another obvious symptom that your jade plant is dying is the yellowing of its leaves. Though this is also a symptom of general neglect, yellowing doesn’t happen overnight, it is a clear symptom that your jade plant is dying.
There is a natural yellowing of leaves that is not a real problem. Older leaves naturally yellow because of maturity or decease. In this case, all you have to do is to prune the yellowing leaves out.
What we are concerned about is the general appearance of your jade plant whose leaves are all turning yellow in various stages. When young leaves turn yellow. This is a symptom that your jade plant is dying.
This is sometimes accompanied by the leaves turning soft. Jade plants leave, like all other succulent plants, feel firm and taut to the touch. Its leaves are not soggy though it is water-filled. When the leaves become soft and squishy and break with slight finger pressure, it is a sign that the plant is dying.
A third symptom is root rot. This is not the most obvious symptom because root rot manifests under the soil. You need to remove the plant from the pot, shake off the soil, and examine its root system more closely to see if your jade plant is suffering from root rot.
However, if you have been seeing a general yellowing of the leaves or a breaking off and weakening of leaves and branches, then it is high time to also check your jade plant’s roots to see if it is experiencing a rotting of roots (not all, but some).
How To Revive An Overwatered Jade Plant
Succulents, as you may know, are water-filled plants. They thrive in arid climates and dry soil conditions. Cactus is a type of succulent plant. This is the reason they are very susceptible to overwatering.
Under normal conditions, you only need to water your jade plant every few weeks. They don’t normally dry up or wilt with little (neglect) watering under cool or normal temperature. This may be the reason why your jade plant appears to be dying. Your jade plant may be overwatered. The symptoms of over-watering are often similar to the symptoms of too little watering.
One of the symptoms of overwatering a jade plant is the yellowing of the leaves. Yes, it’s true that the yellowing of leaves is a symptom of too little watering. However, you cannot dismiss this symptom simply as your jade plant getting too little water.
Because if you do that, then you will water your jade plant more, thinking it will solve the problem. But it will not. What you just did is worsen the problem.
The best thing to do if you see yellowing of the leaves is to check the soil — Is the soil dry or wet? If the symptom is a result of overwatering, the soil will be wet or soaked. Either the jade plant is being too frequently watered, under cool climate conditions; or the pot has poor drainage leaving the soil soaking wet.
If the soil is dry to the touch, then the jade plant is getting too little water, especially if the climate condition is hot and dry. A little water will do the job. Overwatered jade plants can be revived. They can recover. However, you must be careful.
First, check the pot’s drainage. Make sure that your pots have enough holes for good drainage. If your pot has a drain tray, empty it regularly. This helps prevent overwatering. Feel the soil. If it is soaked, remove the jade plant from the pot and shake off the soil clinging to the roots gently. (This is also the best time to check for root rot. More on that below.)
After you have made sure that any rotting roots have been pruned off, repot your jade plant. Jade plants need only a limited amount of space for its roots, just enough allowance for the root ball to be contained. Repot the jade plant in a suitable pot.
Do not water your jade plant on the first day or a couple of days. But be careful to check that the soil doesn’t dry up. This results in a healthy (revived) plant.
Soil characteristics can also cause overwatering. If the soil you used to plant your jade plant has poor draining characteristics, it may keep the roots soaked.
This condition encourages root rot. You need potting soil that is suited for the particular needs of your jade plant, one that has good draining qualities. Putting small pebbles at the bottom of the pot helps drain water.
Mixing your soil with crushed walnut or pecan shells, coarse sand helps loosen up the soil medium for easy drainage where your jade plant takes root. It is important to keep the jade plants root moist and watered but not soaked.
Your jade plant may also suffer from root rot as a result of overwatering. When you have removed the plant from the pot and shaken the soil, check for root rot. Root rot appears brown, dark, and dead. Train your eye on the larger tap roots.
You can see this brown deceased growth if you cut off an end of a root; see how far the root rot goes. Cut slowly up the root until you see some healthy white root material exposed and all the brown material has been pruned off. Make sure you are using clean and sterilized pruning shears to avoid contaminating the root’s inner material.
Root rot often manifests on the plant through dropping leaves or falling branches. Root rot weakens the connections that attach the leaves to the branches and the branches to the trunk. The connections do not receive sufficient nourishment from its roots, because it has rotted.
But if the branches just appear to be stooping, it is not always a result of root rot. It can be because the pot is too large for your jade plant. This results in roots being too overspread and loose under the soil.
It can also be because you do not regularly prune your jade plant and just allow it to grow wildly without grooming. Its branches become top-heavy with too many leaves making the branches stoop for sheer weight.
How To Prune A Jade Plant
Pruning is the nature of grooming for plants. If you don’t prune, its branches and leaves will grow wild. Prune the lowest leaves first. They are the oldest and more mature ones. They will be the ones to fall off first anyway if you leave them. New growth appears at the top and on the ends of the branches.
Prune long leggy branches off completely. These are the branches that will droop in time. You want a jade plant that appears tight and upright, and pruning off scrawny sagging branches helps you attain that.
There may be times when your jade plant has matured into a woody trunk and woody branches, that you can prune off all new growth leaving a bare trunk and bare branches. You can do this in order for the plant to renew itself. But you need expert advice on this.
Your jade plant really needs little care. It thrives on a little neglect. But too much neglect, your jade plant will die. I hope you won’t be needing this article again in the future: How to revive a dying jade plant?
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