There are more than 2000 species of bromeliads you can find in this world. Many of them originated in South America. They can grow into a beautiful plant that has amazing aroma.
Here I would like to share with you some different types of bromeliads to learn their differences.
Table of Contents
Spiky isn’t just a goal for a hairstyle look. It describes the leaves on the air plant known as Tillandsia. The air plant Tillandsia is the genus name of a plant that is part of the Bromeliad family. Tillandsia is an intriguing plant because it can be grown with just air!
Since the Tillandsia Bromeliad Plant doesn’t need soil, it can be grown in various locations. This is the perfect plant for a grower with a creative soul. It is also a perfect plant for those with a grower’s heart but possesses a “brown thumb.” The Bromeliad plant Tillandsia is a hardy plant that needs little attention.
In terms of vibrancy, color, and individual beauty, Tillandsia bromeliads are like a rainbow of life. As they adapt to their natural environment, these plants assume a wide range of forms, sizes, and colors. In the tropical rain forests of Central America, South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean, you can find them clinging to trees or clinging to rocks.
Because they can take in water through their leaves as well as their roots, tillandsias are low-maintenance houseplants. Additionally, these hardy plants require minimal sunlight and only need occasional misting while indoors. Tillandsia’s stunning foliage is often accented by brightly colored flowers which bloom during certain times of the year.
These resilient creatures make excellent additions to any home garden due to their low-maintenance needs and eye-catching appearance.
Image source: Wikimedia
The Guzmania plant family is well known for its flamboyant colors, mesmerizing blooms, and exotic personality. These are one of the commercialized plant species of bromeliad flower crops of Europe and are gaining popularity in the rest of the world.
Bromeliad Plant Guzmania has exquisite flowers that are extremely beautiful and have a longer life. These are quite sturdy and adaptive in nature as they can settle themselves in a terrestrial environment, though their habitat mostly being epiphytical. This flexible feature makes them easy to be cultivated and nurtured in nurseries too. Most of the Guzmanias enjoy rich, moist soil.
Bromeliad Plant Guzmania has spine-free fleecy and crinkled green leaves, and the foliage is vase-shaped to hold water for nourishment. The size of this plant varies from 10 cm to 1 meter in height. It is found in assorted breeds like Guzmania ‘Caroline’, ‘Minnie Belle,’ ‘Lingulata,’ and many more.
This ornamental plant can embellish any vicinity, and you are bound to be enthralled by its elegance. A fascinating peculiarity of Bromeliad Plant Guzmania is its sturdy nature, and therefore these are quite easy to grow. They require minimum insecticides and fertilization if the basic growth requirements are perfectly matched.
Bromeliad Plant Guzmania grows wholesome in bright fluorescent light. These should be kept first in moderate light and then bright but should be saved from direct sunlight. It is advisable to keep your bromeliad plant under three layers of fishnet. Similarly, you should keep the temperature from average to warm year-round. The water cup should be kept filled to 2.5 cm, and the roots must also be moist for adequate nourishment.
The propagation of this plant should be done carefully. The most common way of doing this is to separate the suckers as soon as they grow to one-third of the height of their mother plant. This activity also helps to increase the number of suckers in your plant. Another way of propagating this plant is with the help of seeds. But this method is not so frequently used as Guzmanias produce fewer seeds.
The potting medium also plays a significant role in the proper growth of the Bromeliad Plant Guzmania. The potting medium should be such that it neither drains nor deteriorates easily. Using small pots for mature plants helps induce blooming in them.
You should repot the plant annually. Proper ventilation ensures good air circulation in plants, and they bring out their best colors. This also defends the plant against any fungal infection.
Fertilization is more important than any other thing. Guzmania should be fertilized from time to time but should be spared from an overdose. Excess fertilization steals its brightness and leaves the plant dull and drab. It is advisable to use only half of the prescribed amount of fertilizers to keep them splendid. Bromeliad Plant Guzmania is an awesome gift for anyone, and a little care can make it flourish to make your interiors or exterior magnificent.
In botanist terms, the Aechmea Bromeliad plant is a genus of the botanical family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Bromelioideae, related to the pineapple and Spanish moss. To growers of the Aechmea Bromeliad Plant, it is a beautiful addition both indoors and in outdoor gardens.
Most of the 150 species part of the genus (category ranking between a family and a species) Aechmea are epiphytic (gets moisture and nutrients from the air or small pools of water). Each of them has outstanding foliage.
Bromeliads of the genus Aechmea are stunning and widely distributed. Varieties of this plant range from those with enormous leaves to those with small, succulent bodies. Depending on the species, the leaf can be anywhere from deep green to bright yellow. Each Aechmea produces colorful flowers when it blooms, usually with petals that are pink or purple in color.
These plants just require minimal maintenance. All you need to do is just occasional watering and light fertilizing will keep them thriving indoors or outdoors. Many gardeners love their ability to tolerate both warm and cool climates without much difficulty. To ensure they stay healthy, make sure they have good drainage so they don’t become waterlogged.
With proper care and attention, these lovely plants can thrive for years! As you can see, Aechmea is an excellent choice for any gardener looking for a hardy yet attractive houseplant.
The Aechmea Bromeliad Plant Care
This plant grows best in tropical weather, and you must care to keep it warm and maintain humidity for optimal results. Even without optimal care, this plant is fairly easy to grow, don’t leave it outside in the winter or on cold nights when the temperature drops below 55 degrees Fahrenheit. In nature, Bromeliad plants grow on the following:
- Tree trunks
Aechmea Bromeliad plants can still grow well in containers and are forgiving of a little neglect. Due to their small roots, they don’t need very large pots. The growing medium can be tree-fern bark, cork-oak bar, or half osmunda fiber and half leaf mold compost with a small amount of charcoal and sand.
You can maintain moisture with a plate or container of water nearby and by misting it with water. Fertilizer at 1/2-1/3 the normal dose about every 2-3 months.
A type of Aechmea Bromeliad plant that is popular is a hybrid of the Bullis Bromeliad, the Alegria. The “bloom” is an impressive stalk with bright red and pink berries. This Aechmea plant can grow as high as 4 feet and have a width of 4 feet also.
Billbergia is an interesting species of Bromeliads. Most of the plants have an upright leaf habit. It has some brilliant blue and red flowers. When they do come into bloom, the bloom will come out of the top. Generally, the bloom only lasts about seven or eight days. So you got to catch it while it lasts.
There are thousands of different hybrids created by growers all over the world. Some Billbergia can get some size to them, whereas some may grow to about two feet tall. They can be variegated, and they produce pups from the base.
Some interesting species happen to have a lot of white blotching on them. The Billbergia tend to have a lot of blotching with a lot of different colors. They prefer to have direct filtered sunlight. They don’t tend to do too well if you planted them indoors.
Because of its lovely rosette formation and persistent foliage, this plant is a favorite among gardeners. The leaves of most types are green, although those of certain variants have blue or silvery patterns. These plants produce flowers in a rainbow of colors, including yellow, pink, and purple. These flowers only persist for a few weeks, making them a short-lived variety of bromeliad.
Billbergias thrive best in bright indirect light and warm temperatures. They don’t need too much water either – only occasional misting is necessary for optimal health. This makes them quite easy to care for! A potting mix that drains well is ideal for this type of plant since they prefer not to sit in wet soil for extended periods of time. Feed your Billbergia every 6-8 weeks during spring and summer months using a balanced fertilizer diluted at half strength.
Overall, Billbergia’s make great additions to any home or outdoor space when cared for properly. Not only will their colorful foliage add beauty to your landscape, but their hardy nature means less maintenance for you! From small desktop displays to larger arrangements outdoors, these unique specimens bring life wherever they’re planted – all while requiring minimal effort from their owners.
Ananas is like a bitter pineapple plant. It will produce a fruiting spike that has a pinkish color to it. Over a three-month period of time, a small brown pineapple will develop. It is much more bitter than a commercially cultivated pineapple.
Mostly, the pineapple from an Ananas bromeliad plant is considered an ornamental fruit. The Ananas bromeliad (ananas comosus ‘Variegatus’ bromeliad) is also known as the Ivory Pineapple and the Variegated Pineapple. The bloom will start as flush red and bloom blue flowers before the pineapple develops.
The edible pineapple is from the same species as the Ananas bromeliad. This bromeliad is grown for its long leaves that have creamy margins and sharp spines. It is among the larger bromeliads, growing up to 3ft high and 6ft across. When they are kept in smaller pots, you can control the size of the plant.
The plant won’t produce a pineapple until it is about 5 or 6 years old. After the pineapple matures, the plant will die, but there should be “pups” to propagate.
To propagate the Ananas bromeliad, you can put the off-sets (pups) in a pot and grow them. They will appear as the parent plant begins to die. The top of the pineapple can be cut off and put in moist soil. It will root and grow.
Growing an Ananas bromeliad is fairly easy. They like the following:
- Hot sun
- Strong light
- Warm temperatures
These exotic plants have an eye-catching appearance that will surely captivate anyone who sets eyes on them. Here’s what you need to know about Ananas:
- Their foliage boasts beautiful colors ranging from dark green to red or purple.
- They can reach heights up to 4 feet tall with a rosette spread between 2-3 feet in diameter.
- The center cup of these plants often fills with water for additional humidity needs.
- Although they prefer warm temperatures, Ananas are surprisingly cold tolerant if kept dry during winter months.
- Most varieties of Ananas produce long-lasting blooms that range in color from yellow to pink or orange.
Ananas definitely stand out among other bromeliad species thanks to their unique look and ease of care. Whether it’s planted as part of your indoor collection or added outside as an accent piece, this plant will add beauty and intrigue wherever it goes! With its striking appearance, low maintenance requirements, and ability to thrive both indoors and outdoors, there’s no wonder why Ananas has become such a popular choice for many gardeners.
Cryptanthus bromeliads are more commonly known as Earth Stars due to their shape. They are beautiful and incredibly varied plants that naturally grow in tropical areas. There are over 1,200 types of bromeliads within the Cryptanthus genus, with a great variety of foliage.
You can find these types of bromeliads growing within the earth because these are true terrestrial bromeliads. They are unlike the epiphytic types in that you will not find these growing within trees or other vegetation, but instead, you will find they are growing within the rainforest soil.
The Cryptanthus bromeliads are available in all sorts of shades, colors, and patterns. They can give you beautiful and tropically delicious displays.
Something quite interesting about these bromeliads is that the colors can actually be affected by the amount of lighting it gets. So if the bromeliad is in lighter or darker conditions, that can actually determine the shades and the colors.
A fun fact about the Cryptanthus is that when it reaches a mature size, it will set off its bloom, and the blooms will actually come from the center of the plant. Sometimes deep within the plant.
If you would like to propagate the baby pup, the rule of thumb is that the pup should be at least a quarter of the mother’s size before you propagate it. What you need to do is hold the baby pup and twist it a little bit. You would pull from there, and this would allow the wound area to dry for a couple of days. Once it’s done, you can grow the baby pup in a pot. It may take about a month before the pup begins to grow.
Cryptanthus is coming from rainforest areas with high humidity and moisture. They are getting a good amount of shading or a nice canopy where they are getting indirect light-dappled. So the variation of light conditions that these Cryptanthuscan actually handles and tolerates would be from your shadier condition to your moderate and dappled lighting.
The Portea Bromeliad plant grows in the Brazilian coastal regions of Rio de Janeiro. It is a hardy and robust bromeliad with large spines on its leaves. This plant can grow to over three feet high when it is in bloom. It likes full sun. The Portea Bromeliad plant is among the most decorative of the Bromeliad plants.
The bloom is a beautiful combination of delicate lavender, blue-gray, and coral pink. The leaves are narrow with spines on the edges, and they are yellow-green. The leaves provide a perfect backdrop to the colorful blooms of the Portea bromeliad plant.
The flower stalk is a rosy red color and may be as high as 4 feet. It is a unique addition to outdoor gardens, where climates permit them to remain outdoors year-round. It also produces bluish-colored berries.
It is part of a small bromeliad genus that only includes six species. The bromeliad was named after Dr. Marius Porte, who was a French plant collector. He introduced this bromeliad that originated in Brazil towards the end of the 19th century.
Of the six different species, the bromeliad Portea Leptantha is a rare and endangered species. Other species are easy to obtain. You can purchase the plant from nurseries, department stores, grocery stores, online, the bromeliad society, catalogs, and plant growers.
Growing the Portea Bromeliad
Though the Portea bromeliad plant prefers full sunlight, it will also grow in bright light in some climates. This bromeliad will need ample room to grow because it is one of the larger bromeliad plants. The plant can be grown indoors or outdoors.
In climates that get too cold in the winter, the plant will need to be brought inside during the colder months. Part of the year, it can spend its days outside and its nights inside.
The leaves are not frosted tolerant, but they will tolerate some low temperatures. When the plant is spending time inside and outside, it will need to be planted in a planter. It likes warm temperatures and evenly moist soil. You should protect it from sunburn.
Pests and Diseases
Few pests attack bromeliad plants. They are most susceptible to scale insects, small round or oval insects that quickly multiply and create yellow spots on the leaves. Insect attacks on bromeliads are controllable.
The Portea bromeliad is an addition to a garden that will stand out among the other plants, especially when it is in full bloom. In large rooms in a pot, this bromeliad can fill a space with color and interest. A full-grown plant may be too big to give as a gift, but younger and smaller plants make wonderful gifts that are hardy and easy to care for plant.
Low temperatures, overwatering, sunburn, injury, fungi, and insects can cause a bromeliad to be infected with the disease. Sometimes you will need a chemical control.
Any bromeliad collection will become more complete by adding the dramatic and impressive Portea bromeliad plant. Be sure to shop around to get the best price when buying this bromeliad for yourself or give it as a gift.
The Catopsis bromeliad plant grows on twigs of trees in the sun. It is thought that this bromeliad plant is actually carnivorous. The tank of the Catopsis bromeliad attracts more insects than similar-sized bromeliad plants. It is native to southern Florida.
This bromeliad is usually found growing on trees and occasionally on rocks. They grow in dense shade, and on rare occasions, they will grow in filtered light. In 1864 was the first recorded description of the Catopsis bromeliad. There are 18 species of Catopsis bromeliads.
The leaves are soft and spineless, with chalky scarfing (powdery substance) on the waxy leaves. The scarfing can be white, gray, or silvery, and the leaves can be green to yellow-green. The inflorescences may be simple or branched and can also be erect or pendant.
The Catopsis bromeliad plant has white or yellow flowers that will rise above the leaves. The male and female flowers are on separate plants. It is one of the bromeliads that have no registered hybrids.
In addition to Florida, the Catopsis bromeliad grows in the following places:
- Greater Antilles
- West Indies
- Central America
- Northern South America
Growing Catopsis Bromeliad Plants
It grows well in 50% orchid bark mixed with 50% potting soil with peat. The bark can dry out and collect salts, so you should flush it occasionally. The Catopsis likes bright filtered light and doesn’t tolerate drying out. It does well in hanging baskets. During warm weather, it can be outside. For hot, dry weather, it would be best to keep this bromeliad plant inside.
Carnivorous or Not
It would depend on the definition of carnivorous. This plant has the following “carnivorous” traits:
The Catopsis bromeliad does this with its special nectar; it is not by accident that there are so many insects in its tank.
This bromeliad stores or traps insects in the pool of water.
Ability to use nutrients from the insect
The Catopsis absorbs the nutrients in its leaves once the insect decomposes. Some define carnivorous plants by other means, like a more dramatic “eating” of the insect-like with the Venus Fly Trap.
Catopsis Bromeliad Plant Care
They prefer high humidity. In the summer, watering should be done 3-4x per week depending on the dryness of the environment. In the winter, you can cut it down to 2-3x per week. Their leaves are thin, so they are unable to store water and dry out fast.
Weak fertilizing weekly usually is successful. It is among the smaller of the bromeliad plants. The Catopsis can be propagated from “pups” (small plants that form at the base) or seeds. Pups can be removed when they are 1/3 the size of the parent plant. Between October and March is the best time to do this.
This bromeliad makes a unique gift because of the possibility of it being a carnivorous plant. It is a good houseplant because of its easy care, and it can be mounted in interesting ways.
The Neoregelia (nee-o-ree-jeel’ya) Bromeliad plant is yet another beautiful Bromeliad plant that belongs to the Bromelioideae subfamily. What makes the Neoregelia bromeliad plant so popular of the wide range of plant sizes, colors, blooms, and leaf textures that the Neoregelia is available in.
To some, the brilliant colors of the blooms and the leaves remind them of a firework in the sky when looking down on this bromeliad when it is in full color.
This Bromeliad plan is usually medium-sized with a compound head set in the middle of the rosette, and the flowers have blue or white petals. The leaves come in an extensive range of colors and also a wide range of sizes. The brightly colored leaves retain their color year-round.
Some plants like the Neoregelia Pascoaliana are tiny and only grow to about 12 cm high and 2.5 cm in diameter. The Neoregelia Bromeliad is often used for hybridizing because of the amazing plants that result from it. They can grow in pots or be grown terrestrially (on land) or on lower limbs of trees in shaded areas.
The Neoregelia Bromeliad plant is originally from eastern Brazil. It has become trendy in the United States and Europe. There are approximately 50 species of this Bromeliad plant with many varieties. The Neoregelia Bromeliad plant has over 500 registered cultivars.
These are some of the different kinds of Neoregelia Bromeliad plants:
The size of this type of Bromeliad is small. It featured leathery green leaves with wide dark bands. When this Neoregelia Bromeliad blooms, the white and blue flowers are hidden deep in the vase.
Neoregelia carolinae var. tricolor
a Bromeliad plant with cream and pink striped leaves. Before blooming, this Neoregelia Bromeliad turns pink.
Neoregelia carolinae (Nidularium meyendorffii)
A medium Bromeliad that appears to be a flattened rosette. Right before this, Neoregelia Bromeliad blooms. There is bright red in the middle of the rosette. It creates a beautiful backdrop for the lavender flowers.
This Bromeliad plant is also known as the fingernail plant. It has dark green leaves with a silver band underneath and is strap-like. This Neoregelia Bromeliad has red leaf tips. The red bracts (specialty leaf) highlight the colors of the Bromeliad blooms. The blooms of the plant are lavender-blue.
This is an easy-care Bromeliad plant that grows well both indoors and outside. They need warm temperatures with filtered light or shade. For climates that get cold, this Bromeliad should be planted in pots when growing outside so that the pots can be brought inside when the temperatures get cold. The Neoregelia Bromeliad does best with well-drained soil and even moisture.
When ordering Neoregelia Bromeliad online, consider the weather where the plant will be delivered. Even if you are home to accept the plant immediately, you will probably transport it from heated or cool trucks. Order them during times of the year when the temperatures are moderate.
The Neoregelia Bromeliad will stand out in any garden or as part of indoor décor and is an excellent choice when choosing a Bromeliad plant.
Nidularium is also known as little nest bromeliads. It is a genus of the Bromeliaceae family. It is a perennial evergreen plant that can grow in the tropics, subtropics, and Mediterranean climates. This type of bromeliad originated in Brazil. The most popular type of Nidularium is the blushing bromeliad, which features white flowers surrounded by bright red bracts.
Its overlapping leaves resemble roof tiles, and the plant grows in dense clumps. There are a number of different species in this genus, and they all look and grow differently. While the exact color and shape of the flower’s petals might vary per species, they are typically a vibrant red or yellow and cup-shaped in the middle. Moreover, they bear tiny fruits that are edible to local wildlife.
This is a tropical plant, and it loves to grow in moisture and humid environment. It usually grows on the branches of trees, on the ground, or even on the rock. They tend to bloom with nice and beautiful flowers. But the size of the flower rosette is usually very small. You can plant them indoors if you want to. Just make sure you place them in an area where they can get enough sunlight.
The Nidularium can die in two ways: either it gets overwatering or lacks moisture in the leaf. Therefore, you need to have good control of the water for this plant.
It’s not hard to keep the plants healthy and blooming with just a little water and fertilizer once a month. The light should be provided when housed indoors, though direct sunlight should be avoided to prevent scorching the leaves. Because of their modest care needs and visually appealing foliage and flower structure, these plants make excellent houseplants.
In terms of propagation, Nidularium can easily be propagated from offsets taken from existing plants or through seed sowing when available. Seeds need to be fresh with good viability in order for them to germinate successfully so it’s best to get seeds from reliable sources if possible.
Vriesea Bromeliad is also known by other names such as Flaming Sword Bromeliad, Painted Feather Bromeliad, or Zebra Bromeliad.
Native to Central and South America, there are approximately 250 known Vriesea Bromeliads and dozens of hybrids. Some Vriesea Bromeliad owners are drawn to the attractive foliage, while others are drawn to the Vriesea Bromeliad plants with brightly colored flat flower spikes. The Vriesea bromeliad is closely related to the Tillandsia bromeliad.
Like with all bromeliads, the blooms are flamboyant. V. vulcana, V. fenestralis, and V. Favorite are blooming varieties. The V. fenestral bromeliad has green bract and yellow flowers that smell like rotting fruit to attract bats.
In the wild, bats pollinate the B. fenestalis bromeliad. Some of the Vrieseas Bromeliads are more known for their foliage than their blooms. Two of them are the V. hieroglyphics, which has banded leaves that are beautifully colored, and the V. fenestralis, which has leaves that are long with purplish mottling.
Proper care of your Vriesea bromeliad plant will assure a healthy, thriving plant. Remember the following for Vriesea plant care:
The type of light that the Vriesea bromeliad grows in will affect the bloom colors. It grows best in a shady area or indirect light. The brighter the light that the plant is put in, the brighter the color of the foliage.
The Vriesea bromeliad will need the central cup kept full, and you should change the water frequently with spring water. You can add liquid fertilizer to the water sparingly.
The temperature that this bromeliad grows best at is 55 degrees F or above. The plant will tolerate colder temperatures for shorter periods of time.
The Vriesea bromeliad likes a humid environment. This can be created by placing the pot on a tray with water and rocks or by misting regularly. Grouping plants together will create a more humid environment for the plants.
It does not seed. Propagate by separating the pups from the mother plant and plant them in their own pots. There are some popular varieties, like the sword plant, that grow pups from the flower stalk. This can make propagation more challenging, and it is best to wait for the plant to be more established before removing the pups.
Use rapid draining soil or medium. With proper care, the Vriesea bromeliad will grow to be medium to large-sized plants. A mature plant can grow to 20 inches tall and 24 inches wide.
The Vriesea bromeliad plant is available for purchase from February to October and usually will bloom sometime between April and July. Once the Vriesea blooms, it will die. The pups will mature and bloom, and you will repeat the cycle. It can be grown outside in plant zone 9 (a and b), zone 10 (a and b), and zone 11, but the Vriesea plant is more commonly grown indoors.
The Vriesea bromeliad is a great plant to purchase for yourself and receive or give as a gift. It is hardy, and because of its beautiful and unique foliage, it looks good with or without blooms.
The plants of the genus Dyckia are members of the family Bromeliaceae. The nineteenth-century German botanist Prince von Dyck inspired the naming of this genus. Plant species can also be found in Mexico and the Caribbean, but their natural habitat is South and Central America. Dyckia are very popular among gardeners due to their interesting leaves and drought resistance.
Dyckia is distinguished by its rosette-shaped leaves. The thick, spiny leaves come together at the base of the plant to form a rosette that can grow from a few inches to several feet tall, depending on the species. The leaves are arranged in a spiral and have sharp spines that point in different directions to deter herbivores. Dyckia leaves often have contrasting bands or stripes, ranging in color from green to silver and bronze to reddish brown. These colors can be found on the same leaf.
Dyckia is an epiphyte, like many other bromeliads. This means that it grows without hurting the plant it lives on. However, Dyckia can grow in soil, especially a sandier, more permeable variety. Dyckia is a plant that does well in rocky and sandy environments and grows on the ground in the wild in these environments.
At the center of the rosette, Dyckia sends up tall spikes of blooms. Each flower has three petals and three sepals and is often either yellow or orange. Little, meaty fruit with one or two seeds follow the blooms.
The low maintenance requirements of this plant make it a good option for those just starting out in gardening. It does best in shady sunlight but can handle morning and late afternoon sun. As an added bonus, Dyckia can survive in temperatures ranging from about 50 to about 95 degrees Fahrenheit.
Dyckia is distinguished by a number of unique features, one of the most remarkable being its resistance to drought. The plant’s ability to store water in its leaves makes it drought-resistant. When growing Dyckia, it’s important to keep in mind that too much water can damage the roots. You should only water it when you see the soil or leaves drying out.
Plants of the genus Dyckia can be multiplied by cutting off new shoots from the mother plant. To get the offsets going, just pot them up with some potting soil that drains well and put them somewhere sunny and warm.