How To Grow and Care for Dendrobium Orchids

There are not many people look over them because they think this must be a difficult plant to grow or there must be something to this plant because the name that just makes it difficult to grow.

hybrid dendrobium orchid

Are Dendrobium Orchids Easy To Grow?

Well, now the thing that I am going to clarify is that Dendrobium Orchid makes a great beginner orchid. I cannot stress this enough because I have heard so many people saying they would like to grow Dendrobium but they just don’t know how.

Many of them said that they are just beginner orchid growers and they just totally having no idea how to go with it. So if you are one of those people who are beginner orchid or have no fear, then this is a great plant for you to grow with.

I am going to alleviate your worries by sharing with you how to grow Dendrobium.

When it comes to growing the Dendrobium orchids, they are one of the easiest plants to grow into flowers.

Having Enough Sun

Many people failed to grow is simply because the place they try to grow just doesn’t have enough sun that is required for most of your orchids.

If you are going a failure topsis or you’re growing a Vanda, or a cataleya, they’ll require quite a bit of sunlight.

But when it comes to Dendrobium, if you put them in just a shaded window like a west-facing window, a noir table, or an east-facing window. (sorry not a north-facing window as it’s one of the only ones that you can’t put anything in because you won’t get enough sunlight to make anything grow or bloom)

If you put it in a west-facing window or an east-facing window, it’s going to do terrific for you simply because it doesn’t like that strong sun. A lot of people don’t have that strong sun to grow your other orchids so it’s one of those that a lot of people can grow.

How do I Care for My Dendrobium Orchid After Flowering

Dendrobium orchids are regarded as one of the most colorful and magnificent flowering plants. Back in the old days, it was highly coveted and reserved only for the rich. It was a craze among them.

Now, it is easier to get orchids, and caring for orchids is easier if equipped with the right knowledge. You can choose from thousands of species those that fit your personal preference and level of skill as a plant grower.

Each different species of orchids has different requirements. Although some of their needs are similar to that of other plants. However, it is necessary that before buying your dendrobium orchid, you research the particular requirements it needs to grow properly and continually produce beautiful flowers. After all, we are after the vibrant and exotic blooms.

There are certain species that require lots of sunlight and there are those species that can thrive in an indoor environment. The most popular orchid that people commonly grow in their homes is the Phaleanopsis, also known as Moth orchid. Most people choose Phaleanopsis because they are easy to care for and do well in most indoor conditions compared to the other varieties.

How Long do Dendrobium Orchids Last?

Orchids need light to grow and bloom, if taken care of correctly, the flowering will last for at least three months.

For the lifespan, it is better for us to refer to the Orchid plant itself and not the blooms. People usually make the mistake to assume that when the blooms die the Orchid will die as well. This is completely not true. as the lifespan of the blooms will depend on the type of work you have, the environment, and so on. Generally speaking, the orchids themselves can live indefinitely.

How do you keep dendrobium orchids alive?

Since dendrobium orchids originate from tropical regions, they are a light hungry plant. But there are species that require less sunlight like the Phaleanopsis variety. They can thrive in a low light environment, which is why it is best for indoor use.

For best results, place your orchids near the window to catch sunlight during the morning and/or evening. Do not place the orchid in the full noon sun because midday sun can be too hot and harmful to the plant. Too much heat will burn the leaves and wilt the flowers.

An excellent location to place your orchid in is the eastern side of your home. In the absence of sunlight especially during winter, you can use artificial light such as a fluorescent lamp.

Temperature

Orchids prefer temperatures between 55º to 80º F (12.78º C – 26.68º C). They don’t like sudden temperature changes and temperatures higher than 90 degrees (32.22º C) can cost them their precious buds and worse, they will stop blooming altogether.

Keep the plant moist by watering them once a week or every other week, but do not overwater them as this can cause it to drop its flowers. The plant can also be placed in a tray to keep it moist, be careful not to touch the water with the roots otherwise, it will take in too much water.

Fertilizer

A lot of people get the whole fertilizer thing mixed up when it comes to Dendrobium orchids. There is an orchid specific fertilizer when it comes to Dendrobium. These plants are not picky with their fertilizer. Therefore, your average all-purpose fertilizer is going to work great.

One way to improve and maintain the orchids’ blooming is to use fertilizer but not more than once a month, too much can damage the plants instead of helping them.

Use plant soluble fertilizers that are specific for orchids and with less nitrogen content, too much nitrogen will encourage leaf growth to the expense of flowers. The best time to apply fertilizer is before orchids bloom.

An additional tip to extend the flowering period is to prune the plant carefully while it is still flowering. With the right amount of care and correct fertilization, there is no stopping your orchids blooming and thriving healthily.

Should You Cut Off Old Dendrobium Orchid Stems or Canes?

Many people wonder if after flowering a Dendrobium cane, can they cut it away because most of the time it doesn’t look so nice. Most people think the canes are actually stemmed and they just cut it off to keep the beauty of the flower. But if you know orchids by now you should know these flowers are special so the canes are special too.

They are not just flowering stems and you should never cut Dendrobium cane unless they die away. I will tell you more on the Dendrobium and let you know why you shouldn’t cut the canes and when you actually can.

I have my Dendrobium that is deciduous and every year it will lose its leaves. This is perfectly normal with this type of Dendrobium. However, as years pass you are going to end up the whole bunch bare canes. That’s why you should not cut live canes.

First of all, in many species and varieties of orchids can rebloom themselves. So even if they bloomed last year, they can create buds and blooms this year.

Second, even of the canes might look dead but they are actually not. They are just covered by the dried sheets. They actually store water and nutrients to feed the new growth.

Practically, the more canes you have the more they will help and they will store energy for the new growth.

Third, the new canes will have leaves and will bloom sprout from the base of the older canes. If you cut an older cane too low then there will be no more available eyes for new growth to be produced

Therefore, if you overdo with your orchids, you can actually kill them because you are going to cut the growing structures.

However, this doesn’t mean that your Dendrobium orchid should have old canes forever. Nothing is actually forever and the orchid can regenerate itself periodically as well.

As the years go by, the oldest canes can actually dry off. It has no more structure and it is shriveled and it will eventually die off.

In this case, it is perfectly safe for you to cut these canes and it is actually advisable for you to do so because they can attract disease if you leave them unattended. They can harbor pissed and they actually don’t do anything for the
orchid.

If the cane is dead, obviously it cannot store energy, water, and nutrients. It just cannot rebloom anymore.

Having pendent Dendrobium is problematic as you can always tangle yourself in them or bump them over. Maybe if the cat wants to play with the canes it will damage the orchid.

Therefore, it is actually advisable to cut them off with the use of a pair of pruners or scissors. If you work with them on other plants or other orchids, it’s a good idea to sterilize them in between plants.

If the cane is not dead all the way just yet, you may just cut it to the point where it died off. You just have to snip it off and that’s it. You will see there’s nothing green on the cane and you may found it’s yellow-brown. When you spot on, this cane is obviously dead. In time, this section will die off if you didn’t cut it off.

Therefore, you should cut it when it’s completely dry and that is when it’s advisable to cut the cane no matter what type of Dendrobium you have.

How To Water The Plant?

Some people are wondering do they need to water their dendrobium orchids from the top or bottom? Well, it actually doesn’t matter. The thing that does matter is you need to make sure that you pour enough water through the pot to ensure the roots are getting soak.

This video shows a good way of watering the Dendrobium orchids.

 

What to do if dendrobium orchids dying?

When the leaves of your Dendrobium Orchid are mushy or blackened, you need to cut them off and throw them away. Whenever you have leaves that look wet and soaked, it is most probably they been having a bacterial infection or bacterial rot.

This type of infection can affect leaves and can be very problematic because the core of the orchid is formed by the leaves. Fortunately, Dendrobium Orchids have canes for them to store nutrients so they have a boost for the new growth.

Even though not all the pseudobulbs look good and some of them probably will have to be removed. You need to get rid of the leaves which don’t look good then you might be able to salvage the plant.

You need to cut the portions which are affected but keep healthy tissue remains so that the leaf will photosynthesize and feed the canes.

How Do I Get Dendrobium Orchid to Rebloom

I have tried to rebloom some of the more difficult plants indoors and haven’t had much luck to have them to rebloom. However, I did had luck by having Phalaenopsis rebloom which I found is pretty much the easiest one. Throughout the process, I didn’t give up and I am surprised when it started reblooming after a year.

How do I get to that point? Well, first of all, I did give it a bright light next to a narrow garden which has some nice LED lighting going on. Also, I have fertilized it but only a couple of times. I do know that you want to fertilize them when they don’t have flowers, so I did use a liquid fertilizer and I did it about three or four months after it blooms
once and then once again a couple of months.

I do place the Dendrobium Orchid on a humidity tray with some rocks and pebbles. You can use marbles also if you want to. Then you can put water into just below the rocks. When the water begins to evaporate, it will humidify the plant. The water should always stay below the rocks because you don’t want the bottom of the plant sitting in water.

You can use the orchid bark to hold the plant. The reason we use orchid bark is due to orchids are naturally grow in the jungle hanging from trees. They are terrestrial plants so they don’t grow in the soil. so the orchid bark is only being used to hoard that to hold the plant upright. By doing so, it doesn’t fall down or droops.

By holding the plant upright, the orchid bark has a lot of air space in it so you’re basically replicating what would be happening in the jungle.

Over time, the orchid bark will break down and becomes more like heavy soil. At that point, you really need to repot the orchid so in new orchid bark that has not broken down.

Another thing you need to keep in mind is to leave your Dendrobium alone after the bloom cycle. When they are blooming, don’t overwater them. What I did was I watered it when the bark was just about dry. Not all the way dry but very close to being dry. I was used warm water on Dendrobium and let the water run through.

What type of mix should I use when I repot my Dendrobium?

When comes the time to repotting, you can use your standard orchid mix.

They’re not picky when it comes to your orchid mix. Your average bark mix is going to do great.

How To Grow and Care for Dendrobium Orchids

Read also: Proper Identification of Orchid Problems and Provide The Treatment

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